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May 14, 2011

The Cause and Effects of Water Pollution by Waste Settlement

The cause and effects of water pollution by waste settlement seems to be one of the major sources and the causes water pollution that provides the most obvious impact, especially in urban communities.



Residential waste (household), which became one of the causes water pollution due by human activity itself. And in the end of this water pollution has an impact and adverse consequences for humans as well.

Water pollution is a change of state water reservoirs, which reduce water quality so water can not be used again its designation. These changes are due by human activity.

Waste Settlement. One of the causes water pollution is human activity which then creates waste (garbage) residential or household waste .

Residential Waste containing domestic waste in the form of organic waste and inorganic waste and detergents. Organic waste is waste that can be described or decomposed by bacteria, such as the remaining vegetables, fruits, and leaves. While inorganic waste such as paper, plastic, glass or glass, fabrics, woods, metals, rubber, and leather. Inorganic waste can not be broken down by bacteria (non biodegrable).
In addition to organic and inorganic waste, residential waste detergent is the most potentially polluting the water. And now, almost every household detergents.

The impact water pollution caused by waste settlement brings results or outcome of which :
  • Decreasing number of oxygen dissolved in the water because most of the oxygen used by bacteria to make the process of waste decomposition.
  • Inorganic waste into the river, could result in prevents sunlight that is preventing the process of photosynthesis from aquatic plants and algae, which produce oxygen.
  • Detergents very difficult broken down by bacteria so that it will remain active for long periods in water, polluted water and poisoned the various aquatic organisms.
  • The use of detergents on a large scale also increase phosphate compound on the river or lake water, which stimulates the growth of algae and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes).
  • The growth of algae and water hyacinth which causes uncontrolled surface water in the lake or river is closed thereby blocking the entry of sunlight and resulted in inhibition of the process of photosynthesis.
  • Water plants (water hyacinth and algae), which brings death due to decomposition of this plant will spend the supply of oxygen.
  • Materials decomposition aquatic plants will precipitate and cause silting.
Eichhornia crassipes
In addition to the waste caused by residential (household) sources or causes of water pollution is also caused by Agricultural waste, Industrial waste, and in certain places due to Mining waste.

Industrial waste
Mining waste

Waste Handling Settlements. Need awareness of all levels of society to act wisely with the household waste it generates.

Waste management, changing lifestyle and mindset of garbage, doing the 3R (Reduce Reuse and Recycle), and not throw garbage, especially in rivers and water reservoirs such as rivers and lakes. Needs to be done by all parties to reduce the impact of water pollution caused by household waste (residential).

And all this can only be realized with a little action as the first, and start from yourself!!

2 komentar:

Guru Pranesh said...

good... continue on nature protecting act..

Amol Patil said...

its very critical situation that we are facing due to globalization and increasing the need of human. we have to take the proper steps to avoid water pollution. you can also visit us at rain water harvesting

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